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Foundation Crochet Stitches


foundation crochet stitches

Foundation crochet stitches are a method of starting a crochet project without having to create a starting chain and then work into it. They are especially useful for projects where you need a stretchy foundation (such as garments, hats, or items that require a snug fit), or when it's difficult to determine the appropriate starting chain length for your project.


Key benefits of using foundation crochet stitches

  • Foundation stitches can help you achieve a more even tension and prevent your initial chain from being too tight or too loose, which can affect the overall shape and size of your project.

  • When you're unsure about the number of chains needed for your project, foundation stitches allow you to create a foundation row of your desired stitch and length without the need to count chains or risk starting over.

  • Foundation stitches are especially helpful when starting a project in the round because they allow you to join your work seamlessly, making it easier to maintain a continuous pattern without an obvious seam.

  • For certain projects like scarves, foundation stitches can help prevent the edges from curling, which is common with traditional chain-based starts.


You can make foundation stitches with many types of stitches, but the most common are as follows:

  1. Foundation Single Crochet (fsc):

    • Begin with a slip knot on your hook.

    • Chain 2.

    • Insert your hook into the first chain (the second chain from the hook) and pull up a loop.

    • Yarn over and pull through one loop on your hook (creating a chain stitch).

    • Yarn over and pull through both loops on your hook (creating a single crochet stitch).

    • Continue this process for as many stitches as you need.


  1. Foundation Double Crochet (fdc):

    • Begin with a slip knot on your hook.

    • Chain 3.

    • Yarn over and insert your hook into the third chain from the hook.

    • Pull up a loop.

    • Yarn over and pull through the first loop on your hook (creating a chain stitch).

    • Yarn over and pull through the first two loops on your hook (creating a half-double crochet).

    • Yarn over and pull through the remaining two loops on your hook (creating a double crochet stitch).

    • Continue this process for as many stitches as you need.


  1. Foundation Half Double Crochet (fhdc):

    • Begin with a slip knot on your hook.

    • Chain 2.

    • Yarn over and insert your hook into the first chain (the second chain from the hook).

    • Pull up a loop.

    • Yarn over and pull through the first loop on your hook (creating a chain stitch).

    • Yarn over and pull through all three loops on your hook (creating a half-double crochet stitch).

    • Continue this process for as many stitches as you need.


These foundation crochet stitches allow you to create a foundation row of your desired stitch without having to work into a separate chain. They are especially useful when starting a project where gauge or tension is critical, as they provide a more elastic and flexible foundation compared to traditional starting chains.

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